“Space is not conceived as having duration in time” (74).
Lauren Olamina in the Parable of the Sower brings forth a utopian world in which people shape God and this God is Change. Humans shape the world around them which in term shapes humankind. This cyclical continuity is compounded by Borges belief in a lack of time.
According to Borges each moment is separate from the one before or after it. An event that occurs has no connection to its cause or effect, it just is: “The world is not an amalgam of objects in space; it is a series of independent acts—the world is successive, temporal, but not spatial” (73). Instead, he propagates the illusion that an event merely has an association with whatever had caused it or had been affected by it: “…the half-extinguished cigarette that produced the scorched earth is considered an example of the associate of ideas” (74). With this association there is little to determine, predict, or change. Life continues in the moment in which the current event occurs.
This separation of cause and effect denies humans the consciousness of shaping Lauren’s god of change, the god that shapes the world around them. Each person would live in the moment, “causing” events around them, but not linking the relationship and thus living in each moment, with the following moment being the changed they had just created. To follow the previous example, one would half-extinguish a cigarette. One would walk away. The cigarette would reignite. The sparks would catch a nearby napkin on fire. This chain could lead to the forest burning down, but the original person who half-extinguished their cigarette would not have the mental schema to attribute the action to its effect. The world has changed, the forest has been decimated, God has visited, but the person has no knowledge of this cycle. Every act done by a human would have similar reaction: no knowledgeable consequences.
The world of Tlon takes this lack of sequential time a step farther because it refuses to endorse time altogether. “One of the schools of philosophy on Tlon goes so far as to deny the existence of time; it argues that the present is undefined and indefinite, the future has no reality except as present hope, and the past has no reality except as present recollection” (74). Again, each moment carries only what can be carried in the moment. There is a singular hope for the future in any moment, but not over the course of moments. There is no plan, no map of action in order to provide the imagined future. Lauren would not be able to provide an utopian world because she already has the mental capabilities for hope. Implicitly stated through Borges arguments, is the lack of thought able to be provided to humans in a utopian world.
Lauren states in her Earthseed verses at the beginning of chapter three:
God is Power-
And yet, God is Pliable-
God exists to be shaped.
God is Change.
Yet for as powerful as God is, there is no relationship between man and God, according to Borges. It cannot be a teacher that allows humans to realize the actions that ought to be next taken, but the force that is changed as an afterthought, which changes the world in miracles. This is the only way in which a utopian world can be a reality. Human consciousness stands in the way of complete contentment, complete happiness. When the world constantly amazes—constantly changes in miraculous ways—humans reach the ideal life of a utopian world. There is no goal to achieve, no obstacles to overcome, there is nothing in life but the present living and the concurrent changing environment in which one lives.